Elizabeth had no Age of exploration spain portugal england to lead her country down that path and managed to delay a final answer for years. John I of Portugal reigned led his people into a period of high achievement and took direct aim at Moorish strength.
Off-site search results for "England in the Age of Discovery" The result was widespread social unrest as well as sickness and starvation. Natural disaster in the form of the Black Death took a tremendous toll and helped to weaken the feudal system, that ancient form of social organization in England.
Inthe Pope declared that all lands west of the Azores and the Cape Verde Islands belonged to Spain, but Portugal, another great sea power, disputed the papal decree. All they wanted to do was get rid of the unemployed in their own country, send them off to acquire a system of mercantilism a colony for the sole purpose of trade with the mother country with spices, gold and silver, and would do this at any cost i.
These Spanish expeditions, led by conquistadors, set out in search of gold, slaves, lucrative trade routes, and fame. Through luck and ingenuity, a fleet of outgunned English ships decimated the Armada. Other factors were clearly at work. However, spices and silk were in such a high demand that people and companies came forth to sponsor.
Hostility toward religious dissenters in England provoked many of them to embark on a perilous voyage and suffer hardship in a remote colony in exchange for the opportunity to worship as they believed. Prince Henry the Navigatorson of John and a hero at Ceuta, organized Portuguese resources and information for the purposes of exploration.
In the case of Spainthe country was able to expand its empire with unusual rapidity, owing to the surprising military and political successes of the conquistadors, Cortez and Pizarro in particular. InFrench settlers briefly and unsuccessfully attempted to settle in what is now South Carolina, and inthe Spanish attacked and destroyed a French settlement near Jacksonville, Florida.
However, despite these differences, the same basic goal was accomplished, to discover new trade. Tensions with Spain were brought to the boiling point by the Sea Dogs, a group of privateers who preyed on the riches found in Spanish ships coming from the New World.
A dwindling food supply was called upon to feed a rapidly expanding population. Each country had different motives for acquiring these colonies, different economic backgrounds, and different relations with the Africans and Indians.
They established numerous encomiendas—sprawling estates populated with native slaves. The queen was approaching the end of her child-bearing years and had produced a daughter, but no male heir.
However, spices and silk were in such a high demand that people and companies came forth to sponsor. Began the first circumnavigation of the globe Hernando Cortez — But while the Portuguese focused on navigation and geographical observation, the Spanish put their efforts into expedition and colonization.
In Africa, explorers worked with the Africans to catch slaves and mine for gold. The Age of Discovery European settlement physically displaced numerous tribes, setting in motion the sad fate of Native Americans throughout American history.
Two years later, an Englishmen was captured by local Indians and was almost executed, had he not been saved by a woman Indian. His reputation went into decline for a number of years, but rebounded during his service against Spain.
Trade routes to the spice-laden East were now shuttered or impeded to the merchants of Western Christendom, a change in affairs that was especially damaging to Italian and Iberian merchants, who plied the Mediterranean for their trading profits and desperately needed new routes to the East.
John II reigned revived overseas activity and employed two bold, innovative navigators: Some of the new investors were content to wait a period of years for a return, rather than demand immediate profits from gold and silver.
He had proposed marriage in order to expand his realm of influence and win back wayward England to Catholicism. In total, the countries discovered new lands, established new trade lines, and without the Age of Exploration, the world would not be remotely similar to how it is today.Its utter and famous defeat left England unchallenged as the major sea power in the world.
Early Exploration and Colonization. England's early endeavors in the Western Hemisphere trailed those of Spain and France, but included the following major ventures: John Cabot was sent by Henry VII in search for the Northwest Passage to India.
Spain and Portugal were the bellwethers for Europe in general in the Age of Exploration, and thus it’s no exaggeration to say that the era of Western global dominance of the past half-millennium originated in the intrepid sailors and explorers of the Iberian Peninsula during the s.
Portugal and the Age of Exploration The Iberian Peninsula, today home to Spain and Portugal, was overrun in the 5th century A.D.
by the Visigoths, a Teutonic tribe from northern Europe and the conquerors of the Roman Empire. The Age of Exploration was a period from the early ’s to the ’s during which Europeans explored the world, searching for trade partners and desirable goods. During this time, the three most influential European nations were Portugal, Spain, and England.
The European Voyages of Exploration: Portugal Scholars typically date the European Age of Exploration, or the Age of Discovery, During the Age of Exploration, Portugal was primarily a trading empire with vulnerable to attack from Spain’s imperial rivals—England, France, and the Netherlands.
As a result of the Iberian Union, Portugal. Ponce de Leon claimed Florida for Spain inand Hernando de Soto led a Spanish exploration of the southeastern United States indiscovering the Mississippi River.
InSpain established the first successful European settlement in North America—a fortress in St. Augustine, Florida.Download