The agency shared its numbers on black children in PowerPoint presentations with police, educators and black community members in private meetings across the city over the past year. It suggests that there are a number of tensions inherent for professionals in working with culturally diverse African families such as reconciling different beliefs and behaviours concerning child-rearing practices; affirming the parenting practices of these families in the engagement process; adopting a strengths-based orientation whilst at the same time safeguarding and promoting the welfare of vulnerable children.
In the United States, where black and native American children are three times more likely to be in care than white children, race-based data has been collected and publicized for years. Meantime, 26 per cent of children whose families are from the Caribbean and 25 per cent from North Africa live in poverty.
Parsons says provincial leadership and action is vital. He recalls one dinner when his foster parents served him perogies. Everton Gordon, executive director of the Jamaican Canadian Association, believes police go into black homes with the same bias that results in black youth being racially profiled on the street.
They also believe systemic racism in the child protection system, and within the police and schools, is at play. Paul Chapman, who was 9 when he was removed from his family home, says many black youth "struggle" while in care. This paper examines these themes to elucidate the factors that contribute to the provision of effective, culturally competent interventions with black African children at risk of significant harm.
The data also showed that many of the black children in care were of Jamaican heritage. Most children are returned to their parents within a year, after some form of help is provided.
Researchers concluded the results were influenced by the recession, which affected blacks more than whites and caused more strain on families. In a blur, she agreed. Ina study prepared for the U. Everton Gordon, executive director of the Jamaican Canadian Association, says there is a bias in the system.
There are about 23, children and youth in care in Ontario. They kind of lose themselves. As a result of her criminal record, she lost her job as a caregiver for the elderly. A recent provincial survey of about 7, Ontario children who have been in care for more than one year shows that about 12 per cent are of African or Caribbean descent.
Poverty, it noted, is the strongest predictor of maltreatment rates. Unable to pay the mortgage, she lost her home. The common use of spanking to discipline children in Africa and the Caribbean, for example, can lead to astonished parents being charged with assault. The child welfare commission recommended that ethnic background information be captured to assess how the agencies respond to diverse communities.
Jim Rankin Feature Writer Thu. It had 2, children in care. They suggested it might require the kind of culturally sensitive approach used with aboriginal families. The central focus of the paper is a review of the available literature on the social circumstances and environmental influences affecting many black African families involved in the child protection system; specific parenting practices and care-giving environments; and their experiences of social work and other professional interventions aimed at safeguarding and promoting the needs of African children.
Some families have been investigated for yelling at their children, says Gordon of the Jamaican Canadian Association, who witnessed such cases when he worked for Toronto Catholic CAS in the late s.
The government remains their parent until they are adopted or turn The British Journal of Social Work, 38 3pp. The reporters on this story can be reached at children thestar. Fewer than 10 of the families counselled over the last three years have seen a child go into care, Mills-Minster says.The central focus of the paper is a review of the available literature on the social circumstances and environmental influences affecting many black African families involved in the child protection system; specific parenting practices and care-giving environments; and their experiences of social work and other professional.
This issue brief explores the prevalence of racial disproportionality and disparity in the child welfare system.
It also describes strategies that can assist provides a racial disproportionality index (RDI) that of children in each child welfare category when calculating the percentages and rates for each racial/ethnic population.
However, the available research evidence tends to suggest a similar pattern of over-representation in the child protection system, although much of the data aggregate black African with black Caribbean and other minority ethnic children (Gibbons et al., ; Brandon et al., ; Thoburn et al., ).
There is gaps in research on child protection and black African families and a recurrent theme in literature is the need to acknowledge cultural and social contexts of parenting and experience of African black families to make sense of child abuse and provide appropriate intervention for children and families involved in the child protection.
Download Citation on ResearchGate | The Over-representation of Black Children in the Child Protection System: Possible Causes, Consequences and Solutions | This paper considers the controversial area of child protection with Black families.
The handful of UK papers on race and child welfare published recently have included several reviews of earlier research (Chand, ; Chand and Thoburn,; Barn, ) and empirical studies of social workers' responses to ethnicity (Williams and Soydan, ); Black African children's experiences of the child protection system .Download