Based on the work of Urie Bronfenbrenner 15 and other systems models, social ecology 16— 18 places the behavior of individuals within a broad social context, including the developmental history of the individual, psychological characteristics norms, values, attitudesinterpersonal relationships family, social networksneighborhood, organizations, community, public policy, the physical environment, and culture.
In addition to more rigorous designs for outcome studies, community change theory would benefit from qualitative research that explores the various factors affecting community change, linkages among the factors, and the conditions under which those linkages occur.
Such interventions may be citywide, using mass media or other approaches, or may take place within community institutions, such as neighborhoods, schools, churches, work sites, voluntary agencies, or other organizations. Porras J, Robertson P. We need to distinguish clearly between levels of intervention and targets of interventions, 19 whether our focus is on behavioral change, strengthening units of solution, or building the civil society.
In recent decades, considerable progress has been made in articulating program or implementation theories, 21, 22 yet there are relatively few advances in developing a theory of community change. Whether we talk about changing behavior, changing community structures, or building community capacity, these changes cannot be separated from our ideals about what constitutes a good community or a good society.
Oxford University Press; In the language of Guy Steuart, 8 communities provide resources for meeting our day-to-day needs. Logic models are frequently used for this purpose.
This approach may include strengthening community through neighborhood organizations and network linkages, including informal social networks, ties between individuals and the organizations that serve them, and connections among community organizations to strengthen their ability to collaborate.
Am J Public Health. American Public Health Association; Models such as social ecology provide us with not only a systems framework for thinking about behavioral change as an outcome of community-based interventions but also a framework for thinking about healthy communities.
Gang Intervention Strategies in a Community Corrections Setting There are several reasons that communities are concerned with individuals involved in gang activity. As setting, the community is primarily defined geographically and is the location in which interventions are implemented.
Concepts, Methods and Contexts. These naturally occurring units of solution meet the needs of many, if not most, community members without the benefit of direct professional intervention. For example, individuals are affected by the families and informal networks of which they are members, and individual characteristics affect the social networks to which we have access.
Moreover, our social networks are largely developed within the context of organizations and environments that bring us into contact with others.
Community capacity represents both a necessary condition, an indispensable resource, and a desired outcome for community interventions. Evidence and Implications for Grantmakers.
New Approaches to Evaluating Community Initiatives. The Ecology of Human Development. The morality of a civil society mandates the broadest possible inclusion in the participation and institutions that constitute it. Thus we can intervene at multiple levels within the social ecology as a way of addressing behavioral risks.
This course is intended for corrections professionals working in the community, and it is based on "Understanding Gangs and Gang Processes" by Scott Decker, Ph. In other words, this model necessitates starting where people are. The community as target refers to the goal of creating healthy community environments through broad systemic changes in public policy and community-wide institutions and services.
Such theory is invaluable for spelling out the mechanics and activities but provides little understanding of the how and why—the underlying process, dynamics and conditions under which community change takes place.
Rethinking the Sources of Human Well-Being. It encompasses both community service, formal and informal, and advocacy, not the least of which includes voting. The idea of a civil society: It is also the idea that each level of analysis is part of an embedded system characterized by reciprocal causality.These community-based interventions may also engage community input through advisory committees or community coalitions that assist in tailoring interventions to specific target groups or to adapt programs to community characteristics.
an appreciation for community capacity shifts the paradigm underlying common intervention strategies to a.
Correction (NIC), Community Correc-tions Division has entered into a collaborative Project Vision: To build learning organizations that reduce recidivism through systemic integration of evidence-based principles in collaboration with community and justice partners.
_ Intervention Strategies for Offenders with Co-Occurring Disorders: International Community Corrections Association.
TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION 1 interventions, and supervision strategies for offenders with co-occurring disorders is the diversity of this population.
This diversity is reflected in the choice of primary drugs, the. This issue of Topics in Community Correctionshas been written by practi- strategies for your agencies.
Dot Faust Correctional Program Specialist National Institute of Corrections. Understanding the Risk Principle: How and Why Correctional Interventions Can Harm Low-Risk Offenders Topics in Community Corrections.
This report describes what the principles of effective evidence-based intervention are. Implementing Evidence-Based Practice in Community Corrections: The Principles of Effective Intervention; seven recommended strategies for implementing effective interventions; and levels of research evidence.
Correctional Intervention Strategies Certificate. EKU’s online correctional intervention strategies certificate prepares students to identify and address contemporary issues in adult corrections, including mass incarceration, offender reentry and evidence-based practices in offender rehabilitation.Download