It works best if at first, all students react to the same prompt so the students can learn from the varied responses of their classmates. Choose a few students to read raft writing assignment ideas RAFT aloud. Have a class think-aloud to come up with ideas for the piece of writing that you will create as a group.
Varied prompts allow students to compare and contrast multiple perspectives, deepening their understanding of the content. Before having students write their own RAFT, use this printout to model how students should use this technique. Hold a class discussion about how students created their personal version of the assignment.
Or, you may choose to give students a list of choices for each area and let them pick and choose their role, audience, format, and topic. Model a think-aloud about why having a certain role and audience might make your stance or ideas about a certain topic different and may alter your writing style and, therefore, your format.
Who are you as the writer? What are you writing about? Have a class discussion about how each student created their own raft writing assignment ideas of the RAFT while using the same role, audience, format, and topic.
Students may decide on their own topic or the teacher may provide that element in advance. In what format are you writing? See the lesson plan.
By using this strategy, teachers encourage students to write creatively, to consider a topic from a different perspective, and to gain practice writing for different audiences.
Give students another writing prompt for which you have already chosen the role, audience, format, and topic and have students react to the prompt either individually or in small groups.
Who do you want to write it to?
In what format are you writing? English Journal, 85, What do you want to write about? Use role playing as a method for explaining the different aspects of RAFT writing. Have the student review the concept and assignment orally first.
Eventually, students may choose a role, audience, format, and topic entirely on their own. It provides an interactive template for students to type in possible Roles, Audiences, Formats, and Topics.
Who are you as the writer?
Write a letter to the President of the United States as yourself. Her assignment is inspired by the picture book Miss Alaineus: Differentiated instruction For second language learners, students of varying reading skill, students with learning disabilities, and younger learners Modify the strategy, so the student learns topic, role, format and audience separately and distinctly.
RAFT writing is applicable in every content area thereby providing a universal writing approach for content area teachers. Model on a whiteboard, overhead projector, or chart paper how you would write in response to the prompt.
Click here to open the on-line assignment that Carol proposed and published during an in-service class for teachers sponsored by the Northern Nevada Writing Project.
As students become comfortable in reacting to RAFT prompts, you can create more than one prompt for students to respond to after a reading, lesson, or unit. You choose the topic. For instance, if students are reading To Kill a Mockingbird, you may have students respond to the issues in the story as various characters to different audiences in multiple formats.
It works best if all students react to the same prompt so the class can learn from varied responses. Allow student input and creativity as you craft your piece of writing. Display a RAFT writing prompt to your class and model on an overhead or Elmo how you would write in response to the prompt.
Role of the Writer: See many more related how-to videos with lesson plans in the Writing Processes and Strategies section.
This video is published with permission from the Balanced Literacy Diet.RAFT is a writing strategy that helps students understand their roles as writers, the audience they will address, the varied formats for writing, and the topic they'll be writing about.
By using this strategy, teachers encourage students to write creatively, to consider a topic from a different perspective, and to gain practice writing for different audiences. After presenting the basic ideas of a RAFT to students as well as the sample roles, audiences, formats, topics and verbs, place students into cooperative groups and give them the following assignment.
Almost all RAFTs writing assignments are written from a viewpoint different from the student's, to another audience rather than the teacher, and in a form different from the ordinary theme. Therefore, students are.
The RAFTS Writing Process. RAFT Assignment (Shows an example Rubric) RAFT Plan (scroll to RAFTS) 3rd Grade Ideas to set the stage for RAFT Writing. RAFT Writing (Christmas Lesson Elementary) RAFT Endangered Speices PowerPoint.
Santa, C. Content reading including study systems. RAFT writing is applicable in every content area thereby providing a universal writing approach for content area teachers. Create the strategy Explain to your students the various perspectives (mentioned above) writers must consider when completing any writing assignment.
What is a RAFT Writing Assignment? R.A.F.T. writing prompts challenge students to assume a R ole before writing, to write for an imaginary A udience, to write using a given F ormat, to write about a certain T opic.Download