Avoid complex multiple choice items, in which some or all of the alternatives consist of different combinations of options. Does not assume learner is practiced with the process Start questions with an active verb such as "compare", "contrast", "explain why"; Offer definitions of the active verb, and even practice beforehand.
You have 50 minutes to read the passage and write an essay in response to the prompt provided inside this booklet. Only what you write on the lined pages of your answer booklet will be evaluated.
These cognitive challenges are reflected in the verbs of the questions themselves, from simple to complex c. Integrate course objectives into the essay items Specify and define what mental process you want the students to perform e. Do not write your essay in this booklet.
Your paper will be read and evaluated by three different graders. You will have enough space if you write on every line, avoid wide margins, and keep your handwriting to a reasonable size.
Grading is often subjective and not consistent, colored by preconceptions of student, prior performance, time of day, neatness and handwriting, spelling and grammar, and where the actual test falls in Can be a limited sampling of content Good writing requires time to think, organize, write and revise Advantageous for students with good writing and verbal skills as opposed to those who have alternative learning styles visual and kinesthetic Essay questions are not always properly developed to assess higher thinking skills often only test for recall and style Advantageous for students who are quick, as opposed to those who take time to develop an argument or may suffer from writers block Mechanics: Although all of the sample essays were handwritten by students, they are shown typed here for ease of reading.
Keep the specific content of items independent of one another. Plausible alternatives serve as functional distractors, which are those chosen by students that have not achieved the objective but ignored by students that have achieved the objective.
Be careful with your handwriting. Guidelines for University Faculty, Start planning your paper as soon as you have decided on your essay topic. You may not use "white-out" or "Liquid Paper. Cheung, Derek and Bucat, Robert. Read each topic carefully and choose the one on which you feel you can do your best writing.
Developing and validating multiple-choice test items, 2nd edition. Additional Resources Burton, Steven J. Require students to demonstrate critical thinking in organizing and producing an answer beyond rote recall and memory Empower students to demonstrate their knowledge within broad limits beyond the restraint of objective tests true false, multiple choice Allows learners to demonstrate originality and creativity Reduces preparation time in developing, as well as distributing, a test, especially for small number of students Presents more possibilities for diagnosis Disadvantages: Allow yourself a little time at the end of your writing to check your paper and make any needed changes.
The number of alternatives can vary among items as long as all alternatives are plausible. Introduction The directions below are representative of what students will encounter on test day.
Reading, Analysis, and Writing. You will be given a choice of topics. Avoid writing essay questions that require factual knowledge, as those beginning questions with interrogative pronouns who, when, why, where Avoid vague, ambiguous, or non-specific verbs consider, examine, discuss, explain unless you include specific instructions in developing responses Have each student answer all the questions Do not offer options for questions Structure the question to minimize subjective interpretations Directions: Each response has received a separate score for each of the three domains assessed: How can we construct good multiple-choice items?
Your essay must be written on the lines provided in your answer booklet; except for the planning page of the answer booklet, you will receive no other paper on which to write.
Savvy test-takers can use information in one question to answer another question, reducing the validity of the test. The essays have been typed exactly as each student wrote his or her essay, without corrections to spelling, punctuation, or paragraph breaks.Answering Essay Questions Made Easier Instructors frequently remark that a major reason that students don’t receive higher grades on essay exams is because they do not follow directions even when these directions are included in the question.
Essay tests can evaluate more complex cognitive or thinking skills assuming that rote memory and recall tasks are assessed more appropriately through objectives tests as true-false and multiple choice questions. Tips for Writing a Successful Essay Test.
Questions: A) Explain what the 3 characteristics of Manifest Destiny were. B) Now explain how Manifest Destiny affected the Monroe Doctrine, the Texan and Mexican Wars, and Westward Expansion in general.
For questions with several parts (different requests or directions, a sequence of questions), make a list of the parts so that you do not miss or minimize one part. One way to be sure you answer them all is to number them in the question and in your outline. INSTRUCTIONS 1.
There are 9 pages and 2 questions in this exam. You must answer both questions one and two. 2. Read the questions carefully and confine your responses to an analysis of the questions as Part B2: Shorter Essay Question (1/2 hour) Explain the legal relationship between UN Charter Articles 41, 42 and 51 (to be.
Graded Essay/Short Answer Assignment Instructions Grading will be based upon the quality of your analysis and how clearly you present the information within your answers.Download