Valerius Maximus wrote that he was killed outside the city by a tortoise dropped by an eagle possibly a lammergeier or Cinereous vulturewhich do feed on tortoises by dropping them on hard objects  which had mistaken his bald head for a rock suitable for shattering the shell of the reptile. Heracleides of Pontus asserts that the audience tried to stone Aeschylus.
Other themes can be found and in one, or two, of the three plays, but are not applicable to the Trilogy as a whole and thus are not considered themes of the trilogy.
Fire signals bring news that Troy has been captured and destroyed, and that king Agamemnon will be returning soon to Argos Agamemnon arrives He is greeted by the chorus and by his wife, queen Clytemnestra He brings with him as a prize of war Cassandra, princess of Troy and prophetess Clytemnestra induces Agamemnon to tread on the red carpet Clytemnestra stabs Agamemnon in his bath Cassandra enters palace knowing full well that Clytemnestra intends to kill her which Clytemnestra does Clytemnestra and her lover, Aegisthus, savor their victory Larger Themes Keep a log of references or allusions to the following themes and concerns: Thyestes had a son with his daughter and named him Aegisthus, who went on to kill Atreus.
The characters in the play often face difficulty when it comes to accepting the blame for their actions. In addition, Athena set up the ground rules for how the verdict would be decided so that everything would be dealt with fairly.
In the first play Agamemnon, it is mentioned how in order to shift the wind for his voyage to Troy, Agamemnon had to sacrifice his innocent daughter Iphigenia.
Ferdinando Baldiwho directed the film, was also a professor of classical literature who specialized in Greek tragedy. Chryseis, the daughter of the priest of Apollo, and then Briseis, the girlfriend of Achilles. A few years previously, legislation sponsored by the democratic reformer Ephialtes had stripped the court of the Areopagus, hitherto one of the most powerful vehicles of upper-class political power, of all of its functions except some minor religious duties and the authority to try homicide cases; by having his story being resolved by a judgement of the Areopagus, Aeschylus may be expressing his approval of this reform.
He is also the object of central focus between the Furies, Apollo, and Athena. Be that as it may, Cassandra is much more than merely a prisoner. The cycle of revenge seems to be broken when Orestes is not killed by the Furies, but is instead allowed to be set free and deemed innocent by the goddess Athena.
The gods, however, were not easily tricked and so banished Tantalus to the Underworld and brought his son back to life.
If the Greek soldiers gave Agamemnon Cassandra, this could be seen as payback for the two previous women he had to give up. Analysis of themes[ edit ] In this trilogy there are multiple themes carried through all three plays. Later in life Pelops and his family line were cursed by Myrtilusa son of Hermes, catalyzing the curse of House Atreus.
Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. January This section possibly contains original research. The cycle of murder and revenge had come to an end while the foundation for future litigation had been laid. Leading up to here, we can see that the curse of the House of Atreus was one forged from murder and deceit, and continued in this way for generations through the family line.
In Composer Iannis Xenakis adapted vocal work for chorus and 12 instruments In composer Felix Werder adapted the first play of the trilogy into an opera entitled Agamemnon. Revenge[ edit ] The theme of revenge plays a large role in the Oresteia.
Euphorion won first prize in BC in competition against both Sophocles and Euripides. Based on the evidence provided by a catalogue of Aeschylean play titles, scholiaand play fragments recorded by later authors, it is assumed that three other of his extant plays were components of connected trilogies: However, with Apollo stepping in to tell the truth about what had occurred, that he had in fact pushed Orestes to kill his own mother, Orestes can be seen to hold no moral responsibility over the death of Clytaemnestra.
You will need to read it carefully and slowly. To put it simply, the curse demands blood for blood, a never ending cycle of murder within the family.
In the last decade of the 6th century, Aeschylus and his family were living in the deme of Eleusis.
Trilogies[ edit ] One hallmark of Aeschylean dramaturgy appears to have been his tendency to write connected trilogies, in which each play serves as a chapter in a continuous dramatic narrative. Whatever happened, Apollo now modified his initial blessing by throwing a curse on top of it.
That is because the main mythological events both plot and "prequel" addressed by the play. It may also be significant that Aeschylus makes Agamemnon lord of Argos, not, as Homer did, of nearby Mycenae, since about this time Athens had entered into an alliance with Argos.
Personal life[ edit ] Aeschylus married and had two sons, Euphorion and Euaeon, both of whom became tragic poets. Seven against Thebes being the final play in an Oedipus trilogy, and The Suppliants and Prometheus Bound each being the first play in a Danaid trilogy and Prometheus trilogy, respectively see below.
And when Agamemnon returned to Argos from the Trojan WarClytaemnestra killed him by stabbing him in the bathtub and would eventually inherit his throne. Does the Oresteia say anything about peitho in the Athenian polis?Part 1 I the role of cassandra in the oresteia trilogy by aeschylus Introduction: Standards Views of the Origin of Greek Drama Join Caroline's newsletter and get this FREE video workshop!
What You Need to Know About the Power of Choice In this 4 hour presentation. which is nestled in the fertile valleys of western Attica. Agamemnon is the first play in a trilogy, the Oresteia, which is considered Aeschylus' greatest work, and perhaps the greatest Greek tragedy. Of the plays in the trilogy, Agamemnon contains the strongest command of language and characterization.
The poetry is magnificent and moving, with skillful. Aeschylus' Oresteia trilogy. Agamemnon; Libation Bearers; Eumenides; in Aeschylus' Oresteia?
What role does peitho play in both the smaller and the larger movements of the trilogy? How does peitho affect events in the three plays? Cassandra enters palace knowing full well that Clytemnestra intends to kill her (which Clytemnestra does). The Oresteia (Ancient Greek: Ὀρέστεια) is a trilogy of Greek tragedies written by Aeschylus in the 5th century BC, concerning the murder of Agamemnon by Clytaemnestra, the murder of Clytaemnestra by Orestes, the trial of Orestes, the end of the curse on the House of Atreus and pacification of the mi-centre.comn by: Aeschylus.
Aeschylus's original audience could have seen in this a reference to Homer's Iliad, in which Agamemnon is forced to give up two women he had taken prisoner: Chryseis, the daughter of the priest of Apollo, and then Briseis, the girlfriend of Achilles. If the Greek soldiers gave Agamemnon Cassandra, this could be seen as payback for the two.
The Persian Wars played a large role in the playwright's life and The Oresteia trilogy concentrated on man's position in the cosmos in relation to Zetlin, Froma ().
"The dynamics of misogyny: myth and mythmaking in Aeschylus's Oresteia", in Froma Zeitlin, Playing the Other: Gender and Society in Classical Greek Literature.Download