You can take notes onto note cards or into a word processing document instead or as well as using RefWorks, but having your notes in RefWorks makes it easy to organize your notes later.
On the other hand, a review in a thesis, dissertation, or journal article presenting original research usually leads to the research questions that will be addressed.
Be consistent in how you record notes. Access or File Maker Proin an Excel spreadsheet, or the "old-fashioned" way of using note cards. How you end the review, however, will depend on your reason for writing it. Writing the review Galvan, Your role as a reviewer is to evaluate what you read, so that your review is not a mere description of different articles, but rather a critical analysis that makes sense of the collection of articles that you are reviewing.
The advantage of using Excel is that it enables you to sort your findings according to a variety of factors e. Refworks Import Directions for guide on how to do this from different databases.
However, you may pick any scholarly topic. However, before you begin writing, you must evaluate your reference list to ensure that it is up to date and has reported the most current work. If you are using an electronic form of note taking, you might note these descriptors in a separate field e.
If you include studies prior to the past five years that are not landmark studies, you should defend why you have chosen these rather than more current ones. Since different research studies focus on different aspects of the issue being studied, each article that you read will have different emphases, strengths.
This step requires you to synthesize and make sense of what you read, since these patterns and trends may not be spelled out in the literature, but rather become apparent to you as you review the big picture that has emerged over time.
Synthesize the literature prior to writing your review Using the notes that you have taken and summary tables, develop an outline of your final review.
Identify gaps in the literature, and reflect on why these might exist based on the understandings that you have gained by reading literature in this field of study.
Identify the literature that you will review: Summarize the literature in table or concept map format Galvan recommends building tables as a key way to help you overview, organize, and summarize your findings, and suggests that including one or more of the tables that you create may be helpful in your literature review.
Familiarize yourself with online databases see UMD library resource links below for help with thisidentifying relevant databases in your field of study. Use subheadings, especially in long reviews Use transitions to help trace your argument If your topic teaches across disciplines, consider reviewing studies from each discipline separately Write a conclusion for the end of the review: The following are the key steps as outlined by Galvan Typically a review will cover the last five years, but should also refer to any landmark studies prior to this time if they have significance in shaping the direction of the field.
Identify major trends or patterns: Skim the articles to get an idea of the general purpose and content of the article focus your reading here on the abstract, introduction and first few paragraphs, the conclusion of each article.
In the case of this Educ introductory literature review, your initial purpose is to provide an overview of the topic that is of interest to you, demonstrating your understanding of key works and concepts within your chosen area of focus.
Research methods Summary of research results Step 6: Analyze the literature Once you have identified and located the articles for your review, you need to analyze them and organize them before you begin writing: Import your references into your RefWorks account see: Plan to describe relevant theories.
You can also enter references manually into RefWorks if you need to. When you write your review, you should address these relationships and different categories and discuss relevant studies using this as a framework.
You can also do this using a Word Processor, or a concept mapping program like Inspiration free 30 trial downloada data base program e. Select useful quotes that you may want to include in your review. If the review was written to stand alone, as is the case of a term paper or a review article for publication, the conclusion needs to make clear how the material in the body of the review has supported the assertion or proposition presented in the introduction.
If you do include tables as part of your review each must be accompanied by an analysis that summarizes, interprets and synthesizes the literature that you have charted in the table.
Provide closure so that the path of the argument ends with a conclusion of some kind. You may find the program Inspiration useful in mapping out your argument and once you have created this in a concept map form, Inspiration enables you to convert this to a text outline merely by clicking on the "outline" button.
Keep your review focused on your topic: You may also note that studies fall into different categories categories that you see emerging or ones that are already discussed in the literature. Note key statistics that you may want to use in the introduction to your review.
Definitions of key terms and concepts. Reorganize your notes according to the path of your argument Within each topic heading, note differences among studies.
Within each topic heading, look for obvious gaps or areas needing more research.Writing a Short Literature Review William Ashton, Ph.D. York College, CUNY A student began a short literature review on the stigma of the mentally ill and. Pamela Fry. Writing Centre. Literature Review Template.
Definition: A literature review is an objective, critical summary of published research literature relevant to a topic under consideration for research.
Its purpose is to create familiarity with. literature review, however, is to summarize and synthesize the arguments and ideas of others Why do we write literature reviews? Literature reviews provide you with a handy guide to a particular topic.
If you have limited time to conduct research, literature reviews can give you an overview or act as a stepping stone.
For. A literature review asks: What do we know - or not know - about this particular issue/ topic/ subject? How well you answer this question depends upon: the effectiveness of your search for information; the quality & reliability of the sources you choose.
Reviewing the Literature: A Short Guide for Research Students In such a case, your literature review would need to explain why you think various theories and/or prior experimental results suggest* that such a model is likely* to be correct.
(*Remember that things cannot be certain or.
A literature review can be just a simple summary of the sources, but it usually has an organizational pattern and combines both summary and synthesis. A summary is a recap of the important information of the source, but a synthesis is a re-organization, or a reshuffling, of that information.
Why do we write literature reviews? Literature.Download